Southwestern Asia

Discover yourself
in Iran
Brics member

Iran, officially the Islamic Republic of Iran

The Islamic Republic of Iran, historically recognized as Persia, is a sovereign state situated at the strategic juncture of Western, Central, and South Asia. It shares its western border with Iraq and its northwestern border with Turkey, while to the north it is bounded by Azerbaijan, Armenia, the Caspian Sea, and Turkmenistan. Afghanistan and Pakistan lie to the east and southeast, respectively, and the southern boundaries are formed by the Gulf of Oman and the Persian Gulf.  Iran is the world’s 17th largest nation in terms of both territorial area and population size.


Iranian flag, Iran

The Iranian flag is a charged horizontal tricolour with in the middle an emblem. The used colors in the flag are red, white, green. The proportion of the Iranian flag is 4:7. The Flag of Iran was adopted in 1980. The first use of the current flag design was in 1980. The last change to the current Iranian flag design was in 1980.


The National Anthem of the Islamic Republic of Iran (Persian: سرود ملی جمهوری اسلامی ایرانromanized: Sorude Melliye Jomhuriye Eslāmiye Irān. It was adopted in 1990, replacing the previous anthem used during the rule of Ruhollah Khomeini. It was composed by Hassan Riyahi, and the lyrics were written by Sayed Bagheri. It is the fourth official Iranian national anthem.

Religion in Iran

 (2010 Census)
Religion Percent

Facts & Stats


Iran maintains a rich and distinctive cultural and social continuity dating back to the Achaemenian period, which began in 550 BCE. In recent decades it has become known for its unique brand of Islamic republic.

Official Name

جمهوری اسلامی ایران (Islamic Republic of Iran)

Official Language





(2024 est.) 87,529,000

Form Of Government

Unitary theocratic presidential Islamic republic

Head Of State And Government

President: Ebrahim Raisi

Monetary Unit

Iranian rial (ریال) (IRR)

Total Land Area (Sq Km)



Unveiling Iran
an in-depth look at

Explore Essential Insights, National Statistics, Iranian Position
on the World Stage and Governmental Structure.

Iran in details

Country information
and Iranian
essential Insights

Iran in numbers

National statistics
and Iranian ratings
on the World Stage

Government of Iran

and social conditions
in Iran


Membership in
International Unions
and Organizations

International organization participation: CICA, CP, D-8, ECO, FAO, G-15, G-24, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC (national committees), ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, MIGA, NAM, OIC, OPCW, OPEC, PCA, SAARC (observer), SCO (observer), UN, UNAMID, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNITAR, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU (NGOs), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO (observer)


Visit and Discover


Invest in Iran

Iran’s strategic location in Western Asia makes it a fundamentally attractive market with access to the Middle East, Central Asia, Europe, and China. With a population of nearly 83 million, Iran ranks as the 18th most populous nation. It has the 23rd largest economy globally based on Gross Domestic Product. Despite having the largest reserves of oil and gas in the world, over half of Iran’s GDP comes from the services sector, showing a well-diversified economy.

Serkland Invest AB

Serkland Invest AB is a Swedish investment company which develops growth equity investment opportunities in the Iranian market. Serkland is recognised as a unique success story when it comes to foreign investment in Iran. For compliance-related matters, the company relies on the expertise of a range of leading sanctions specialists with specific industry knowledge. 


Trade and professional associations

Iran has a diverse and vibrant trade landscape, with a variety of industries and sectors contributing to its economy. The country is home to numerous professional associations that play a key role in supporting and promoting the interests of different businesses and organizations. These associations serve as valuable resources for networking, industry knowledge, and advocacy on behalf of their members. In Iran, trade associations cover a wide range of sectors, including agriculture, manufacturing, technology, and services. 

These organizations play a crucial role in representing interests of businesses and professionals across a multitude of sectors, from agriculture to technology.

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