Emirates country overview

The economy of Emirates

Geography, People, Culture, and Economic Profile

Emirates information index

Agriculture, fishing and forestry of Emirates

Despite the relatively small contribution of agriculture to the overall economy of the United Arab Emirates, its presence is still significant in certain regions of the country. The emirates of Ras al-Khaimah and Fujairah, along with the exclaves of ʿAjman and Al-Ain, have emerged as major agricultural hubs due to the advancements in irrigation technology. The use of wells and pumps for irrigation has allowed for the cultivation of a variety of crops in these regions, ranging from fruits and vegetables to date palms. This increase in agricultural production has not only provided a source of food for the local population but has also contributed to the diversification of the economy. Despite the growth in agricultural output, it is important to acknowledge that the sector still employs a relatively small portion of the workforce in the country. This is due in part to the arid climate and limited arable land available for cultivation. However, the government of the UAE has recognized the importance of supporting the agricultural sector and has implemented various initiatives to promote sustainable farming practices and improve productivity. Overall, while agriculture may only make up a small fraction of the country’s GDP and workforce, its presence in certain regions of the United Arab Emirates plays a crucial role in ensuring food security and contributing to the overall economic development of the country.

The UAE’s diverse agricultural landscape also includes the cultivation of a variety of other crops such as melons, squash, and carrots, as well as the production of honey and camel milk. The country’s agricultural practices have been constantly evolving, with a focus on sustainability and innovation to increase crop yields and ensure food security for its population. In recent years, the UAE government has been investing heavily in research and development in agriculture to improve crop varieties, enhance irrigation techniques, and promote organic farming practices. This has led to increased production and quality of locally grown fruits and vegetables, reducing the country’s dependence on imported food items. Furthermore, the UAE has been exploring new methods of food production such as vertical farming and hydroponics to maximize land use efficiency and minimize water usage. These innovative techniques have allowed the country to increase its food production capacity while also addressing environmental concerns and reducing its carbon footprint. Overall, the UAE’s agricultural sector plays a crucial role in ensuring food security for its population and reducing its reliance on food imports. By continuing to invest in research and development, adopting sustainable farming practices, and embracing new technologies, the country is well-positioned to further strengthen its food self-sufficiency and contribute to global food security efforts.

The Arid Lands Research Centre in Al-Ain plays a crucial role in finding innovative solutions to the unique challenges presented by the harsh desert environment. Through conducting experiments and research on cultivating crops in arid conditions, the centre aims to develop sustainable agricultural practices that can thrive in the arid landscape of the UAE. By studying the soil, water availability, and climate of the desert region, researchers at the centre are able to determine the best crops to grow and the most efficient irrigation methods to use. Meanwhile, Umm al-Quwain serves as the main hub for commercial fishing in the UAE, with its bustling fishing industry contributing significantly to the country’s economy. With a coastline that extends along the Arabian Gulf, the UAE boasts one of the largest fishing sectors in the Arab world. The abundance of marine life in the Gulf waters provides ample opportunities for commercial fishing, attracting fishermen from all over the country to Umm al-Quwain in search of a bountiful catch. The efforts of the Arid Lands Research Centre and the thriving fishing industry in Umm al-Quwain are both integral components of the UAE’s diverse agricultural and maritime sectors. Through their initiatives and contributions, they are helping to sustainably utilize the natural resources of the country and support its growing population and economy.

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