Finance

BRICS Ministers Meetings

2008 Brazil meeting: Documents

BRICS Finance Ministers meetings Index

  • 2023: August 15, South Africa
  • 2022: June 6, virtual (hosted by China)
  • 2022: April 8, virtual (hosted by China)
  • 2021: August 26, virtual (hosted by India)
  • 2021: April 6, virtual (hosted by India)
  • 2019: October 17: Washington DC
  • 2019: April 11: Washington DC
  • 2017: March 17: Baden Baden, Germany
  • 2016: April 14: Washington DC, United States
  • 2015: April 16: Washington DC, United States
  • 2014: September 9: Cairns, Australia
  • 2014: July 15: Fortaleza, Brazil
  • 2014: April 11, Washington DC, United States
  • 2013: October 10, Washington DC, United States
  • 2013: April 19, Washington DC, United States
  • 2012: October 10, Tokyo, Japan
  • 2012: April 19, Washington DC, United States
  • 2012: February 25, Mexico City, Mexico
  • 2011: September 22, Washington DC, United States
  • 2010: April 23, Washington, United States
  • 2009: September 4, London, United Kingdom
  • 2009: March 14, Horsham, United Kingdom
  • 2008: November, Sao Paulo, Brazil

BRICS Finance Ministers Meeting 2008: November, Sao Paulo, Brazil

The 2008 BRICS Finance Ministers Meeting took place against the backdrop of the global financial crisis, which had reached its peak in September-October 2008. This crisis, triggered by the collapse of Lehman Brothers and the subprime mortgage market in the United States, had sent shockwaves through the global financial system.

BRIC to BRICS

At this time, the group was still known as BRIC, as South Africa had not yet joined (it would do so in 2010, transforming BRIC to BRICS). The original four countries – Brazil, Russia, India, and China – were already recognized as major emerging economies with increasing global influence.

Meeting Details

The meeting was held on November 7, 2008, in São Paulo, Brazil. São Paulo, being Brazil’s financial capital, was a fitting location for discussions on global economic issues.

Participants

Key attendees included:

  • Guido Mantega (Brazil’s Finance Minister)
  • Alexei Kudrin (Russia’s Finance Minister)
  • P. Chidambaram (India’s Finance Minister)
  • Xie Xuren (China’s Finance Minister)

Agenda and Discussions

Global Financial Crisis

The ministers devoted significant time to analyzing the ongoing global financial crisis, its causes, and potential solutions. They shared their countries’ experiences and policy responses to the crisis.

Reform of International Financial Institutions

A major focus was on the need to reform international financial institutions like the IMF and World Bank. The BRIC nations argued that these institutions should better reflect the changing dynamics of the global economy, particularly the growing influence of emerging markets.

Coordination for G20 Summit

The meeting served as a platform for the BRIC countries to coordinate their positions ahead of the upcoming G20 Summit in Washington DC, scheduled for November 15, 2008.

Key Outcomes and Statements

Joint Statement

The ministers issued a joint statement emphasizing:

  1. The need for a coordinated global response to the financial crisis
  2. Support for the upcoming G20 summit
  3. Call for reform of the global financial architecture
  4. Commitment to stimulating domestic demand in their respective economies

Policy Coordination

The ministers agreed to:

  • Exchange information on their respective stimulus packages
  • Coordinate efforts to stabilize their financial markets
  • Explore ways to enhance trade and investment among BRIC nations

Stance on Protectionism

They voiced strong opposition to protectionist measures, emphasizing the importance of keeping markets open during the crisis.

Significance and Impact

Emerging Markets’ Voice

This meeting marked a significant step in amplifying the voice of emerging markets in global economic governance.

BRIC Cooperation

It laid the groundwork for future BRIC (later BRICS) cooperation on economic and financial matters.

Influence on G20

The coordinated position of BRIC countries at this meeting influenced discussions at the subsequent G20 summit.

Follow-up Actions

Future Meetings

The ministers agreed to regularize such meetings, setting the stage for annual BRICS summits that would begin the following year.

Working Groups

They established working groups to continue discussions on specific issues like financial market reforms and development finance.This expanded version provides a more comprehensive overview of the 2008 BRICS Finance Ministers Meeting, its context, proceedings, and implications for global economic governance.

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